A golden ring of the emerging eurasian force


A golden ring of the emerging eurasian force
SHARE: READ: 803     23:57     02 June 2021    
T he vision of the golden ring of China, Russia, Iran, Pakistan, and Turkey was first disclosed recently by Iran’s ambassador to Pakistan Seyyed Mohammad Ali Hosseini's lecture at the Islamabad Strategic Studies Institute (ISSI) in 2020, which deserves to be analysed more in-depth. There is also a full possibility of Central Asian states joining this group as their economic and cultural links are more towards Russia and China than the west. No doubt this will be one of the strongest organisations on earth, possibly stronger than the Warsaw Pact or ASEAN or even say EU in economic and military terms. One can imagine the strength and challenges of this force with two powers Russia and China, energy-rich Iran, Russia, and Central Asia, besides big coastal access on Pakistan, Iran, China, and Turkey. The trilateral Economic Cooperation Organization’s (ECO) in the 10th edition of which the Transport and Communications Ministers Meeting concluded in Istanbul on December 15, 2020, Pakistan, Turkey, and Iran have come to terms with the resumption of the Istanbul-Tehran-Islamabad (ITI) cargo train service to boost economic ties between the three countries. It is from Turkey and Pakistan via Iran that this railway covers 6,500 km; covering 1,950 km in Turkey, 2600 km in Iran, and 1,990 km in Pakistan. There is a proposal to build a China-Pakistan-Iran-Turkey CPIT energy corridor between China, Pakistan, Iran, and Turkey, which is of great significance to realize the energy strategic objectives of the countries. Pakistan reached a conclusion to seek a regional solution with the help of Russia and China in the matters of Afghanistan. Turkey-Iran-Pakistan axis trying to gain traction. There is a serious attempt on the part of the US for the creation of QUAD with a group of far-flung countries of the US, India, Australia, and Japan. The role of QUAD throughout the Asia Pacific will be in the footsteps of that of NATO in Europe. The expansion of NATO already sparked the cold war rivalry, the creation of QUAD, and its possible expansion with the intention to contain Russia and China will be another step towards a big confrontation among the big powers. India if it joins QUAD will be the frontline state confronting China and Pakistan both countries in the above-mentioned group their borders of historical rivalry will be a flashpoint of any big confrontation in the near future. A troika of Russia Iran and Turkey is formed to work in Syria. In the Eastern Mediterranean, Caucasus, and Central Asia, the regional dynamics are being shaped by Moscow, Tehran, and Ankara as they have done for centuries. The nexus of the three pairs of relations are influencing each country’s dealings with the other two as well as with the United States and is being whipsawed by unfolding events that continue to surprise the leaders of these historic rivals. Starkly differing policies toward the Syrian civil war and the Arab Spring have strained Ankara’s previously cooperative relations with Moscow and Tehran. Another troika of Russia, Pakistan, and China is emerging. The Quad virtual summit was followed by a Russian peace conference on the future of Afghanistan on March 18th, 2021 which was a significant development. Though China, Pakistan, and Iran were invitees, India as a party was not invited by Russia. The emergence of this troika is being considered as a counterbalance to the US and its allies including India. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov spearheaded the new strategic triangle of RCP. The new strategic troika has been in making since 2015 but the emergence of the QUAD has led to its formal arrival on the geopolitical scene. Whether this new RCP axis does not bode well for India and her geopolitical interests or not depends on the further development of Indian policy towards QUAD and its role in it, as the organisation is being viewed by Russia and China as a base against them. Informed by analysts, if the two troikas come together and as mentioned besides the possibility of Central Asian States joining them also chances of other countries such as Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Egypt whose possible inclusion will force analysts, experts, and think tanks to study the strategic depth of the organisation from the Mediterranean and the Middle East to the Asia Pacific. One can come to the conclusion that this Golden Ring if it enters any military alliance as indicated their increasing the challenges will be experienced by the western-backed NATO and QUAD and their policies. The author works at the Centre for Central Eurasian Studies, University of Mumbai.
(If you want to contribute and have specific expertise, please contact us at [email protected])
Amanullah Jayhoon:

The political situation in Afghanistan continues to be very tense. As the US winds down its operation in Afghanistan, the Taliban are stepping up their onslaught on government forces.


We have not experienced such kind of disagreement with any US leader earlier. Unfortunately, the US does not fight against terror organizations, supports more than the expected, said Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan while answering questions of journalists after Juma prayer, Baku Tribune in Turkey reports.

Azerbaijan hands over body of an Armenian serviceman to the other side in Shusha

On September 23, Azerbaijan has handed over the body of an Armenian serviceman who died in the 44-day war, Baku Tribune reports citing Armenian media.

Restrictions on public transport on weekend to be canceled from October 1

Restrictions on public transport on weekends will be cancelled from October 1, 2021, Task Force told Baku Tribune.

Mehriban Aliyeva views conditions created at newly built school No. 88

First Vice-President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Mehriban Aliyeva has viewed conditions created at newly built school No. 88 in the building in Binagadi settlement of Khazar district, Baku Tribune reports.

DNA offers a new look at how Polynesia was settled

Polynesian voyagers settled islands across a vast expanse of the Pacific Ocean within about 500 years, leaving a genetic trail of the routes that the travelers took, scientists say.

Azerbaijani FM: Azerbaijan is ready to normalize relations despite Armenia's aggressive policy

On September 22, Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Jeyhun Bayramov has met with Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto within the framework of the 76th session of the UN General Assembly, the Press Service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan told Baku Tribune.

Azerbaijan logs 1178 fresh COVID-19 cases, 24 deaths

Azerbaijan has confirmed 1178 new coronavirus cases, 2322 recoveries, and 24 deaths over the past 24 hours, Baku Tribune reports.

Prays to be read for the soul of martyrs in mosques, churches, synagogues in Azerbaijan

Our martyrs will be commemorated in the religious temples operating in Azerbaijan- mosques, churches, synagogues with great mercy in the Commemoration Ceremony, the Organization Committee told Baku Tribune.

Journalists and bloggers from Georgia visit Ganja

Media representatives and bloggers from Georgia have visited Ganja, Baku Tribune reports.

Biden seeks to rally international community: 'We cannot afford to waste any more time'

US President Joe Biden sought on Tuesday to rally the international community to meet the escalating crises of our age, telling world leaders "we cannot afford to waste any more time."