What really happened in Pakistan? - EXCLUSİVE
What really happened in Pakistan? - EXCLUSİVE
SHARE: READ: 774     09:27     15 April 2022    
T he Director Institute of Peace and Diplomatic Studies Muhammad Asif Noor gave an interview to Baku Tribune. - Imran Khan became the first prime minister of Pakistan to be removed from power through a vote of no confidence in parliament. 174 out of 342 deputies voted for the official's resignation, accused by the opposition of corruption. What happened? Why did it come to the resignation of Imran Khan? What are the causes of the political crisis in Pakistan? - Various factors can be considered the leading causes of the political crisis in Pakistan. We take two levels of analysis at the global and domestic levels. On the global scale, the advent of the tensions and crisis in the Eurasian peninsula where Russia went to war with Ukraine has caused global economic challenges and stress. This war has caused tremendous challenges for fragile economies like Pakistan, dealing with crippling debt, financial meltdowns, and threats from the regional hegemonic neighbor. At the domestic scale, the government has made a few decisions that have worsened the situation, including at the national level and global engagement with partners. There were severe governance issues at home while the international partners were growing concerns and irks. These factors have led the opposition parties to rally support together to outset the government. Later in March, right before the OIC summit of Foreign Minister was about to happen and the Pakistan Day was celebrated, the opposition called for a no-confidence motion and filed the case in the parliament for the speaker to ask for the sessions of the National Assembly, where voting on the no-confidence motion can be conducted. After the huge international event in Islamabad, the National Assembly session was called but delayed due to the speaker's rolling. Prime Minister Imran Khan and his party called for a massive rally in the outskirts of Islamabad, asking the people from across Pakistan to join. In the rally, Prime Minister Imran Khan accused the opposition of conspiring against his government and allied with the US. His claim was based on a wire that Pakistan's Ambassador to the US had made during a meeting with one of the US officials. As a result, the entire political game and tide were turned away from the fundamental governance issues and led to the ruling Pakistan Tehreek I Insaaf mobilizing political support from the masses based on its strong Anti-American sentiments. Based on the same logic, the deputy speaker national assembly rejected the no-confidence motion where the opposition requested the higher Supreme Court to intervene, resulting in the reinstatement of the Assembly and resultant no confidence. Imran Khan was the first prime minister of Pakistan removed from the parliament due to the no-confidence. He has not resigned as a Prime Minister but as a Member of the National Assembly, calling for mass resignations from his MNAs from the people. - Imran Khan said that the US is behind the opposition. In addition, as can be seen from the report in the Pakistani newspaper Dawn, the United States put direct pressure on the prime minister when he was going to Moscow, demanding that the visit be canceled. US officials met with the Pakistani ambassador to the US and said that Islamabad's future relationship with Washington depended on whether Imran Khan was removed from power in a parliamentary vote. Does this mean that the US punished the Pakistani prime minister for visiting Russia by bribing deputies in Islamabad on the eve of the parliamentary vote? How would you comment on US pressure on Imran Khan because of his visit to Russia? Are the United States and the collective West the undisputed culprits of today's events in Pakistan? - The claim became famous because of the history of the US interfering in the internal matters of the countries like Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, and many other countries across the globe. Scholars and Researchers have also traced the US meddling of the US with the internal political affairs of Pakistan. This scandal is yet to be investigated, and without this, nothing can be specific or concluded. However, we have outlined the factors that have led to the downfall of Khan's government. Another essential aspect is based on several unfolding events where the US official failed to respond when asked about the threat or the letter. It is also important to note that in the conflicts of the global titan's US, China, and Russia, Pakistan is in the eye of the storm. - Some experts note that Pakistan is facing a severe socio-economic crisis that erupted against the backdrop of global inflation and rising prices for all types of products, including the most important ones - energy and food. This process is unfolding all over the world, but in some countries, especially the previously poor ones, it sometimes takes on particularly acute forms. In just a month, the Pakistani rupee fell tenfold against the dollar. How would you comment on this? As a result of subsequent governments that were unable to focus on the governance issues, Pakistan continued to fall into the abyss of the socio-economic pitfall. It is unfortunate for a country of 220 million where the people of Pakistan have all the resources and strength to be the greatest nation. Apart from the governance issues, Pakistan also seriously lacks leadership that has, over the years, remained unable to resolve the issues at the domestic level, especially economic and socio-political. A third important fact that we need to keep in mind while analyzing is the global economic conditions, especially as a result of the emergence of the pandemic that has created hindrances for the economies. The pandemic has slowed down the developed economies, and the toll was high on the developing ones in the global south. Pakistan is not an exception. However, due to these circumstances, there has been a sharp decline in the economic conditions and a rise in inflation. - The Parliament of Pakistan will elect a new Prime Minister on 11 April. This is reported by the Pakistani media with reference to the Vice Speaker of Parliament from the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) Ayaz Sadiq, who chaired the meeting of a vote of no confidence in the government of Imran Khan. A new prime minister will be elected in parliament on the afternoon of April 11, Sadyk said. The media claim that the leader of the PML-N, Shahbaz Sharif, can take the post of the country's prime minister. Who is Shahbaz Sharif? What is his position on the US, Russia and China? Do you think it is in the US interests to elect Shahbaz Sharif as prime minister? - As we are writing the answer to this question, Shahbaz Sharif has taken the oath as Prime Minister of Pakistan after the ousting of the Imran Khan. Shahbaz Sharif is the young brother of Nawaz Sharif, former Prime Minister of Pakistan, who is currently in exile in London. He has also remained as Chief Minister Punjab for the two terms of Former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. He belongs to the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz. Shabaz Sharif is a cancer survivor businessman and has a reputation for being a good administrator and efficient ruler. Even during his presence and serving as Chief Minister Punjab, his arch-rivals praised him for his development projects and initiatives in one of the country's largest provinces. Others have accused him of corruption. Shahbaz Sharif has remained closely working with China, the US, and Russia, similarly to the policies that have remained earlier. He can speak fluent Turkish and work in German. Shahbaz has remained closely engaged with the Chinese on the CPEC as the project unfolded in the country, especially during the phase-in Punjab. In his recent tweets, Shahbaz Sharif reiterated his drive to "constructively and positively" engage with the US to promote shared goals for regional peace, security, and development. During his presence in the office, Pakistan's relations with China and Saudi Arabia will be improved, and there will be ways to mend ties at the same time with Europe and US. Europe and US markets are two of the most prominent destinations for Pakistan's main exports. China and Russia both have congratulated Shahbaz Sharif as Prime Minister of Pakistan. Shahbaz Sharif will try to balance the relationships with the global powers. - What do you think will be the fate of the China-Pakistan economic project - CPEC (China-Pakistan Economic Corridor) under the new Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif? - CPEC is a state-level engagement with both China and Pakistan. Governments come and go, but the project CPEC will remain and continue to complete its process and phases. CPEC is currently in its second phase of development, where the focus of attention is Agriculture development, industrial transformation, and socio-economic support to the communities. The progress will continue, and there will be progress at the same pace as before. Interviewed by Kerim Sultanov
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